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Thursday, December 2, 2021

Muammar Gaddafi’s son returns to politics




Many Libyans who survived Gaddafi’s 42 years of tyranny may have taken a double shot over the weekend and watched a shot of a man wearing a brown headscarf. It looked very much like he was signing a document due next month. Libya election registration.this The Mirage is his son Saif Islam GaddafiThe 49-year-old princeling has been out of sight since his father was hunted down and killed after the NATO-backed rebellion overthrew his regime in 2011 and was caught trying to escape the country.

Since then, Libya has been torn apart due to civil war and tribal competition. Many of these Libyans drifted away in the wind at home. Now they may want to know: What imaginable questions can Saif Islam answer?

Once upon a time, in the 1990s and 1990s, officials in the United States and Europe — who did not trust Arab democracy and were at a loss for alternatives — began a policy of cultivating the sons of local tyrants. They are touted as modernists and are generally better educated and trained than their ancestors. So is Michael Corleone. Examples of Syrian and Egyptian Presidents Hafez Assad and Husni Mubarak’s sons Bashar Assad and Jamal Mubarak show that this strategy has not achieved great success.

But many people have invested a lot of time in Saif Islam, believing that he will open this oil-rich North African country from the nightmare police state created by his father. Jamahiriya, A new word that conflicts the Arabic “people” and “republic”.

His neighbors found Gaddafi more and more willful and more difficult to deal with. He once appeared in Cairo to attend the Arab summit and set up his desert camp in the center of the city. Dressed up like a chameleon, the political repertoire still took time to pose on the hotel’s stairs, looking like a mixture of a shriveled rock star and Ozmandias.

Saif Islam has attracted many hopeful eyes. As a reformer, he became more and more popular in Western and Arab capitals, but in London, he was welcomed by the upper class. In 2008, he received a doctorate from the London School of Economics, entitled “The Role of Civil Society in the Democratization of Global Governance Institutions”. Later critics claimed that some of the content was copied or ghostwritten.

At that time I saw him at the luncheon of the Royal Cafe in London. On the high podium, flanked by nobles and Mandarin, he looked at the gathered guests kindly through his glasses, because he was considered a sign of the future . That mask disappeared at the beginning of the rebellion against his father in 2011, which was a chapter in the chain of turmoil in the region then known as the Arab Spring.He threatened his compatriots with “a river of blood” and promised to “Fight to the last man, the last woman, and the last bullet”.

Since then, he was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death in Tripoli in 2015, and is still being pursued by the International Criminal Court in The Hague for the same reason. He has been controlled by the Jintan militia in the western mountain area, and he seems to have returned to the game. But what is the game?

After the West left Libya in the post-Gaddafi era and left tribal paramilitary organizations and jihadists to fill the vacuum, powerful external forces joined the battle. Egypt, the Gulf and France supported the commander and warlord Harry Gaddafi’s rebellion. Fa Haftar, his attempt to re-conquer the entire country failed. French President Emmanuel Macron (Emmanuel Macron) seems inclined to support strongmen as bastions. North Africa and Syria are the main locations for their European immigration nightmare. Arab leaders are rebuilding the fence Assad, he actually shed the blood that Gaddafi promised to shed.What better time Resurrection of Saif Islam?

If the elections in December happen, it is unlikely that Libya will be unified. It is impossible to reproduce his father’s drama system, backed by rhetoric and funny teasing. A veteran in the area said that Gaddafi was “a liar” and his real role was to “clear the way for Haftar.” His country was determined by the war in Libya. It seems that this is not his plan.

david.gardner@ft.com




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