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Thursday, December 2, 2021

In the last days of COP26, countries are fighting for new climate goals




At the United Nations Climate Summit, after the end of COP26, there was a debate on the sensitive issue of how long countries will submit new climate targets to the United Nations. The previous commitments have not been fulfilled.

The United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union, as well as some other countries, hope that all countries will propose new targets before the end of 2022, which is much faster than the 2025 deadline of the Paris climate agreement.

However, China and other major emitters resisted this promise and insisted on abiding by the original five-year timetable of the Paris Agreement.

Officials stated that the United Kingdom, as the host country of the COP, aims to resolve this issue as one of the main sticking points in the final text, which will summarize the conclusions of COP26 at the end of the negotiations.

The first version of those texts Announced on Wednesday morning, and countries will debate in the plenary meeting.

The document “urges all parties to re-examine and strengthen the 2030 target, the so-called nationally determined contribution, which is necessary to align with the temperature target of the Paris Agreement by the end of 2022.”

As countries quarrel over language in the coming days, the text will still undergo major revisions.

As the negotiations entered the final stage, major differences emerged between countries on how to achieve the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, which was set as an ideal in the Paris Agreement.

The current national pledges submitted by 152 countries before and during the Glasgow Summit will warm the world by 2.5 to 2.7 degrees Celsius by the end of this century.

In order to solve the shortcomings of existing commitments, the United Kingdom and other countries have hoped to persuade countries to re-set newer climate targets next year, that is, nationally determined contributions.

Frans Timmermans, head of EU climate affairs, raised this issue at the COP26 plenary meeting on Tuesday afternoon.

“We are heading in the right direction, but the world is still too far away from our goal of 1.5 degrees,” he said.

“We need to make sure that the decisions we make put us on track to achieve our goals. This needs to be done within a year because time is running out.”

The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement was ratified by 197 countries and aims to limit global warming to a range well below 2 degrees Celsius. However, as the impact of 2C on the climate becomes more and more obvious, more and more countries believe that the more difficult goal of limiting warming to 1.5C is imperative.

The unofficial slogan “Keep 1.5 Alive” put forward by the United Kingdom as the host of the COP at the COP26 summit means that it has been working hard to push other countries to take greater measures to reduce emissions to achieve this goal.

According to data from the United Nations Environment Programme, greenhouse gas emissions need to be reduced by about half from the current approximately 50 billion tons in order to keep the world on a warming track of 1.5 degrees Celsius.

US climate envoy John Kerry said on Tuesday that he was negotiating into the early hours of the morning, which showed that the situation was tense as countries determined their positions in the last week.He said: “It’s too early for the COP night at 3 am.” “Maybe on Friday, but not on Monday. [night]. “

The summit is scheduled to end at 6 pm on Friday, but if negotiators fail to agree on the timing of the new goals and the implementation of the Paris Agreement rules and other items, the summit may be postponed.

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