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Thursday, December 2, 2021

RE:WIRED 2021: Kai-Fu Lee and Yoky Matsuoka imagine the potential of artificial intelligence

When we think Regarding artificial intelligence, many of us have jumped from science fiction to fantasy about the future-a hellish scene The Matrix, Black Mirror, with Terminator. But this is not necessarily the result of things. Two leading experts in the technology field believe that there are more reasons for optimism than pessimism, although there will be speed bumps in the process.

Kai-Fu Lee is the former head of Microsoft Research Asia and Google China. He is now the chairman and CEO of Innovation Works, a venture capital firm with nearly $3 billion in assets; about 70% of his investments are related to artificial intelligence. Lee is also the author of this book in 2018 AI superpowers And 2021 books AI 2041: Our Ten Visions for the Future, He co-authored with science fiction writer Chen Qiufan (Chen Qiufan).

Yoky Matsuoka is the co-founder of Google X, the former CTO of Google Nest, and the former executives of Apple, Twitter and other places. She is now the founder and CEO of Yohana, an artificial intelligence-enhanced personal assistant service that she describes as a health company designed to help families prioritize happiness and existence. Lee and Matsuoka with Gideon Lichfield, the global editorial director of WIRED, in RE: Wired Conference.

Lee believes that artificial intelligence can be of great help to healthcare, although he also sees potential stumbling blocks. Consider an AI program that helps 5% of patients but hurts 3%. AI practitioners may think this is a good thing because it helps more people than hurts people. But doctors will look at it differently, because 3% of people may not have been misdiagnosed by human doctors. Therefore, the two worlds will need to learn to cooperate. He doesn’t think this is an inevitable shortcoming, but a point of friction that needs to be overcome.

Lee said that people think of AI as a black box. Computers make decisions based on thousands of calculations, and we don’t know what they are or why it came to a conclusion. It is really hard for us to believe such a thing. Lee tends to create an artificial intelligence that can explain the first three calculations it does in human language. “As a society, I think we need to get rid of,’perfectly explain the complicated black box, otherwise we won’t use you!'” Lee mused. Instead, he recommends asking artificial intelligence to “explain itself reasonably and understandably, at a level and level no worse than a human explaining how he or she makes decisions. If we change this benchmark, then I think it’s feasible.”

Matsuoka also sees the great potential of artificial intelligence in nursing. She quoted her parents, who are getting old and their health is deteriorating. As an only child, she wants to help take care of them, but also respects their privacy and independence. She said that she and her parents hope that electronic devices will ensure that they are fine every day. If they do not, with their consent, she will be able to receive some data to ensure that she is alerted when they fall and can call a caregiver. She said she wanted to build a world where sensors and people can work together to predict and prevent bad things from happening. For example, a sensor could show that one of her parents moved differently, or something in the house is broken, which might be in danger of tripping.

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