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Wednesday, December 1, 2021

Chinese history class lays the foundation for Xi Jinping’s third term


Xi Jinping summoned hundreds of senior CCP officials to Beijing for a meeting, which is expected to pave the way for his unprecedented third term next year.

The annual autumn meeting of the Party Central Committee, or plenary meeting, will consider and approve a rare “resolution” on Chinese history, only four months after Xi Jinping presided over the meticulous celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the party.

Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, two transformational leaders in the party compared by Xi Jinping, obtained such a resolution at the beginning of their long-term governance.

Mao has been the impeccable revolutionary leader in the party for more than 30 years. Deng has been in power for about 15 years, leading the country to get rid of the self-sufficiency of Maoism and open the economy to the outside world.

Although Deng used his resolution to criticize Mao Zedong’s old age and defend his bold new economic plan, analysts said that Xi Jinping’s resolution would ignore controversial events in the party’s history and treat him as their natural heir. Guide China to its rightful position. By the middle of this century, it will become the world’s largest country.

When approving the plenum’s agenda last month, 25 Politburo members referred to what Chinese officials call the historical continuum connecting Mao, Deng, and Xi Jinping, while ignoring temporary figures such as former presidents Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao. They said that Mao unified China, Deng made China rich, and Xi Jinping made China strong.

“The Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up and getting rich to being strong,” said the Politburo. “The great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has entered an irreversible historical process.”

Prior to this week’s plenary meeting, which will end on Thursday, the official media praised Xi Jinping more enthusiastically. Xi Jinping is now not only known as the President and Party Secretary, but also as the “people’s leader.”

A long article published on the weekend by the official Xinhua News Agency stated that Xi Jinping is “a man with determination and action, a man with deep thoughts and feelings, a man who inherits tradition but dares to innovate, and a visionary. He is dedicated to tirelessly. To work”.

Xi Jinping clearly expressed his admiration for Mao Zedong and rejected many of the system reforms advocated by Deng Xiaoping, including a clearer separation of the roles of the party and government and the regular transfer of power every ten years. It is now widely expected that he will continue to be the party and head of state for 5 to 10 years, and will remain the de facto ruler of the country during his lifetime.

“Mao Zedong is the benchmark for Xi Jinping,” said Steve Tsang, director of the Soas China Institute in London. “The resolution may cover the entire 100-year history of the party and will give a more positive evaluation of the party-even if it is not always correct, it is almost always correct, and of course it is vital to China’s achievements today,” he added. NS.

“In this sense, Xi Jinping is preparing for his third term next year — and his indefinite term — as the supreme leader,” said Tsang Yinquan.

The fact that it took Xi Jinping nearly ten years to obtain a formal resolution on history within the party shows how sensitive his efforts for lifelong rule remain despite any effective internal opposition.

Wu Qiang, a former lecturer at Tsinghua University and an outspoken critic of the party, said that the resolution is aimed at “preparing China for more Xi Jinping’s personal cult.”

He added: “The resolution is about self-affirmation. It will turn a blind eye to the negative parts of the party’s history and will harm the country. Xi Jinping uses institutional and non-institutional methods to concentrate all power on himself.”

Another potential threat to Xi Jinping’s hope for a smooth transition to the third term is his government’s gamble on the “zero epidemic” policy. This policy basically prohibits inbound and outbound travel for the world’s second largest economy, and it may remain until after Xi Jinping was sworn in as the third president of the nation at the National People’s Congress in March 2023.

“Xi Jinping must be aware of the resistance to this practice, so some of his’comrades’ have a wish [for him] It failed just before that [next year’s] Congress,” Zeng said.

“But is Xi [who seems] Worried about China’s isolation from the world? Unless he sees a huge economic disaster brewing, I believe he will relax the restrictions on travel between China, where there is no COVID-19, and other COVID-19-ridden worlds. “

Additional reporting by Xinning Liu in Beijing



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