Considering the historical record, India only accounts for less than 5% Cumulative carbon dioxide emissions (The United States accounts for 20%, more than any other country). “If someone wants to allocate a fair carbon budget, India will be seen as a true hero,” said Rahul Tonga, A senior researcher at the Center for Social and Economic Progress in New Delhi.
In any case, Modi’s statement was a surprise to some researchers, saying Ulka Kelka, Economist and Climate Director of the World Resources Institute India. She said these goals are “clear upgrades” to previous goals, and few people expect India to make a net-zero commitment at this year’s meeting.
The goal is “diplomatically necessary,” said Nafroz Dubas, Professor of New Delhi Policy Research Center. But he believes that this is mainly a “box that needs to be checked” because all the top 10 emitters have made their own net-zero commitments, except for Iran and most other major economies.
He believes that the more important thing is the temporary goal Modi overviewModi promised in his speech that by 2030, India will have 500 GW of carbon-free energy (including nuclear power) electricity and obtain 50% of its “energy demand” from renewable energy. He also pledged to reduce India’s total emissions by 1 billion metric tons by 2030 and reduce its carbon intensity (compared to emissions from power generation) by 45%.
The Indian government later clarify The 50% target is power capacity. This means that it will not include most of the energy used in industries that are difficult to decarbonize, such as transportation. This is also about capacity, not generation. Dubash explained that the restrictions on coal may be less than some researchers initially thought.